Skincare routines are an essential part of maintaining healthy skin. However, finding the perfect routine for your skin type can be tricky.
There are many different types of skin, each with its own needs. Some people have oily skin while others have dry skin. Finding the right skincare routine for your skin type is key to keeping your skin looking its best.
In this article, I will go over the different types of skin and how to find the best skincare routine for each type.
The first step in figuring out what kind of skincare routine you need is determining which skin type you fall into. There are four main categories that describe a person’s skin type: normal/dry, combination, oily, or sensitive.
Oily or combination skin tends to produce more oil than other types of skin. This means that it’s important to use a moisturizer every day in order to keep excess oils from clogging pores. It also helps if you exfoliate regularly as well because dead cells tend to trap extra sebum which causes breakouts. If you don’t exfoliate enough, then bacteria build up on top of your skin causing acne.
Dry skin has very little natural moisture so using products like lotions and creams won’t work too well. Instead, focus on hydrating your face by drinking plenty of water throughout the day. You should also apply a good quality facial mask once per week to help hydrate your skin.
Normal skin doesn’t need much care at all. Just make sure to wash your face twice daily and avoid touching your eyes. Avoid harsh cleansers and scrubs since they may irritate sensitive skin. Use gentle toner instead.
Sensitive skin often reacts badly to certain ingredients found in most commercial cosmetics. For example, some shampoos contain chemicals called sulfates which strip away the protective layer of hair follicles leaving them vulnerable to damage. Other common culprits include alcohol-based preservatives such as parabens.
These chemicals cause irritation when applied directly onto the skin. To prevent these problems, look for products without any harmful ingredients. Also, try not to touch your eye area after washing your hands. The residue left behind could lead to redness and swelling around your eyes.
If you suffer from rosacea, you might want to consider switching out your regular cleansing product for one specifically designed for those who struggle with flushing. Rosacea sufferers experience extreme sensitivity to hot temperatures and bright lights. As a result, their faces become flushed and irritated easily.
A great option would be to switch to a non-irritant soap. Another alternative would be to use a mild scrub rather than a foaming bar.
If you’re prone to pimples, you’ll probably benefit from using a spot treatment before bedtime. Acne treatments usually come in two forms – topical medications and lightening agents. Topical medication can sometimes leave marks on your skin but they do reduce inflammation and clear blemishes faster. Lightening agents typically involve chemical peels or laser therapy.
Both methods remove layers of skin to reveal new ones underneath. However, there’s no guarantee that either method will completely eliminate acne scars.
What Steps Are In A Skincare Routine?
There’s no one right way to create a skincare routine but there are some common steps in most skincare routines: cleansing, toning/exfoliating, moisturizing, eye care, sunscreen application, makeup removal, etc.
These steps will vary depending on the type of product being applied. For example, if you have an oil-based cleanser then you’ll need to exfoliate before applying any other product. If you use a gel-based cleanser, you don’t need to exfoliate prior to applying anything else. The best thing is to experiment until you find the method that works best for you!
Cleaning Normal/Combo Skin
Cleanse your face twice a day using an oil-free cleanser that won’t clog the pores. Use gentle exfoliating scrubs once a week if needed. If you’re prone to acne breakouts, avoid cleansing wipes because they can irritate your skin.
Use a moisturizer every morning and night for extra hydration. Apply sunscreen daily even on cloudy days when you don’t need protection from UV rays.
Cleaning Dry Skin
If your skin feels tight when you apply lotion or cream, chances are good that you need more moisture on top of what’s already there. Use an oil-free moisturizer instead of lotions or creams. Moisturizers can be found in drugstores, department stores, supermarkets, and beauty supply shops. They’re usually sold as liquids but sometimes come in tubes or jars.
Cleaning Oily Skin
If you’re prone to breakouts, start by washing your face twice daily using an oil-free moisturizer instead of cleansing wipes. You should also avoid harsh soaps because they strip away moisture. Instead, choose mild cleansers made specifically for combination skin. They contain less fragrance than regular shampoos and are formulated without any drying agents. Use them as often as needed to keep your skin clean but not too wet.
Cleaning Sensitive Skin
If you’re using any cosmetics on your sensitive skin, test them first before applying them all over your face. Some people are allergic to certain chemicals used in beauty products. Also, if you wear glasses, check their lenses to see whether they contain nickel. Nickel allergies cause redness around the eyes.
Moisture helps prevent wrinkles by keeping fine lines smooth. Use moisturizer every day. Choose one that’s lightweight so it won’t clog up your pores. Look for something without mineral oil, petrolatum, parabens, phthalates, propylene glycol, synthetic preservatives, artificial colors, or animal testing.
Put on Sunscreen
Sun exposure causes wrinkles, age spots, freckles, sunburns, and premature aging. Use sunscreen daily to protect against these problems. Look for broad-spectrum SPF 30+ protection. Choose a lotion rather than cream, since they absorb better into your skin. Reapply often throughout the day if you spend time outdoors.
A toner is used after cleansing to balance pH levels and refresh your skin. It works best at night, just like a facial mask. The key difference between a toner and a mask is that toner doesn’t leave behind residue. If you have oily skin, use a gentle formula designed for dry skin. For normal to dry skin types, look for a product containing salicylic acid. Salicylic acid exfoliates dead skin cells while helping reduce acne flare-ups
At night, you may also choose to skip the treatment step altogether. Instead, focus on repairing damaged skin cells with serums and masks. Serum formulas contain concentrated amounts of vitamins A C E and antioxidants that help repair and protect against future signs of aging.
Masks work similarly, but they typically include clay minerals that draw impurities out of the skin. Both treatments are great options for evening routines, especially when paired with a serum.
When to change your skincare routine
As we get older our bodies begin to produce fewer collagen fibers which lead to sagging skin. This means that even though we might feel younger inside, our outer appearance will show signs of aging sooner than expected. However, this does not mean that you cannot fight back! There are many ways to combat the effects of aging including:
- Using anti-aging products such as retinol and vitamin c
- Avoiding smoking
- Exercising regularly
- Getting enough sleep Reducing stress
- Taking care of yourself mentally and physically
The most important thing about maintaining healthy skin is knowing what type of skin you have. Knowing how much damage has been done can be difficult, however, there are some telltale signs that indicate you need to make changes to your current regimen.
How to Use Toner
Look for this label when shopping for facial cleansers: “Non-comedogenic.” It indicates that the product won’t block pores or irritate sensitive skin.
What Does Non-Comedogenic Mean Exactly?
Noncomedogenic means nonirritating—and this can mean different things to different people. Some women find certain brands irritating while others don’t. If you’re prone to breakouts, choose one that contains salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or retinol. These acids help reduce inflammation and prevent future outbreaks by killing bacteria and unclogging pores.
If you prefer gentle formulas, opt for ones containing lactic acid, witch hazel, or aloe vera. Lactic acid helps remove dirt from the surface of the skin without stripping it away. Witch hazel soothes irritated areas and reduces redness. Aloe vera calms irritation caused by other ingredients in your face wash.
If you want something more potent, try an alpha hydroxy acid like glycolic acid. Glycolic acid removes excess oil and debris from the top layer of skin, leaving it smooth and glowing.
Try This Simple DIY Cleanse To Get Rid Of Acne Scars
1/2 cup baking soda 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar 2 tablespoons water Mix together until smooth. Apply to clean face using circular motions. Rinse thoroughly with warm water. Follow with SPF 30 sunscreen.
skincare routine tips
- Cleanse Twice Daily You should use a cleansing mask once every two days if you suffer from acne scars. The reason why is because these types of masks tend to dry out the skin, causing further scarring. You’ll notice that after applying a mask, your skin feels tight and uncomfortable. That’s normal; just let it sit for 10 minutes before rinsing off. Afterward, apply moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated.
- Use Your Cleanser As An Exfoliator Too Many times, exfoliators are used only on their own. But they work best when paired up with a good cleanser. When you combine them, you create a chemical reaction that sloughs dead cells off the surface of your skin. In addition, the combination also stimulates circulation, helping blood flow throughout your body.
- You may think that scrubbing your face too hard could cause wrinkles, but actually, it’s the opposite. By removing dead skin cells, you allow new layers to form underneath, which makes your skin look younger.
- Exfoliate Once A Week Instead of twice daily, exfoliating once weekly will give your skin time to rest between treatments. Plus, doing it less often allows you to focus on specific problem spots instead of spreading the treatment over all parts of your face at once.
- Apply Retinoid Creams Before Going Out to Make sure you wear makeup first! While most dermatologists recommend waiting 24 hours after taking oral medications such as Accutane before applying topical products, there isn’t any evidence proving that this rule applies to prescription creams. However, many doctors do advise against using topical retinoids within 48 hours of ingesting the medication.
- Apply Sunscreen Every Day Even though sun exposure causes aging, overexposure leads to premature wrinkling and sagging. So make sure you’re wearing sunscreen even during the winter months. If you have sensitive skin, choose one with a low concentration of chemicals called PABA. These can be found in some brands labeled “non-comedogenic.”
- Wash Your Face With Cold Water Wash your face with cold water rather than hot water. Hot water strips moisture from your pores, making them clog up faster. Also, washing your face with cool water prevents pimples from forming. Avoid Alcohol Use alcohol dries out your skin, so avoid rubbing lotions or potions into your face while you sleep. It’s better to wash your face with lukewarm water and then pat dry.
- Drink Plenty of Water Drinking plenty of water helps prevent breakouts by flushing toxins through your system. Aim for eight glasses per day.
- Get Regular Facials Getting facials regularly keeps your skin looking young and healthy. They help remove impurities and stimulate collagen production. And since facial massage improves circulation, it reduces puffiness around your eyes.
- Avoid Using Scrubs Don’t pick at your blemishes. This not only irritates your skin, but it can lead to more inflammation and infection. Instead, gently clean away dirt and debris with an antibacterial soap.
Then rinse well and follow up with a gentle toner. Eat More Fruits & Veggies Eating lots of fruits and veggies is great for keeping your skin glowing. The antioxidants in these foods fight free radicals, which damage cell membranes and DNA. Antioxidants also protect your skin from UV rays.
- Try Not To Touch Up Your Skin After You’ve Shaved Try not to touch up your shaving cream immediately after use. Doing so creates friction that pulls hair follicles deeper into your skin.
That means razor bumps will appear sooner. Use An Oil Cleanser When Cleaning Your Hair Oil cleansers are gentler than foaming shampoos because they don’t strip oil from your scalp. But if you want extra protection, try adding a few drops of jojoba oil to your shampoo. Jojoba has natural anti-bacterial properties that keep bacteria from growing in your hair.
- Eat Foods High In Vitamin C For Healthy Looking Skin Vitamin C boosts collagen levels, helping your skin look plumper and smoother. Plus, vitamin C protects your body from harmful ultraviolet radiation. A diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables provides ample amounts of vitamin C.
- Use Natural Products Over Synthetic Ones Many synthetic ingredients used in cosmetics aren’t good for your health. Some contain formaldehyde, which may cause cancer; others include phthalate plasticizers, which mimic estrogen and disrupt hormone function.
Look for products made without parabens, mineral oils, petroleum jelly, propylene glycol, sodium laurel sulfate, triclosan, talc, triethanolamine, and white petrolatum.
- Use Moisturizing Creams Apply moisturizer before going to bed. Sleeping on dehydrated skin makes wrinkles worse. If you wake up feeling tight, apply some aloe vera gel to your face. Aloe contains soothing compounds that reduce swelling and redness.
- Don’t Skip Exfoliation Exfoliating removes dead cells that build up over time. Dead skin cells trap dust mites and other allergens deep within your pores. So exfoliate once every week using a scrub containing alpha-hydroxy acids.